Journal of Agricultural Economics, Extension and Rural Development

ISSN 2360-798X

Determinant of Adoption of Export Standard Practices (ESP) among Coffee Farmers’ in Kogi State, Nigeria


Accepted 20th February, 2022.


The study investigated the determinant of adoption of Export Standard Practices (ESP) among Coffee farmers’ in Kogi State, Nigeria. Specifically, the study described the socio-economic characteristics of the respondents, assessed the sources of farmers’ knowledge on ESP, examine the information sources of coffee farmers’ and looked onto the constraints faced by the coffee farmers’ in adoption of ESP in the study areas. Multistage random sampling was used to select two hundred and twenty seven (227) coffee farmers. Data was collected using validated interview schedule while frequency count and percentages, weighted mean score and binary logistic regression were used for data analysis. The results revealed that 43.74 is the mean age of the respondents, majority of the respondent were male (84.1%), married (86.8%) with mean household size of 8.52 persons and mean farm size 5.8ha. Coffee farmers knowledge of ESP/tasks in Coffee production and processing is low following the fact that 43.2% and 53.3 did regular harvesting of bury every two weeks and every week at the period and they sorted out the bury after harvest, respectively. Also, 100.0% of the farmers had knowledge of fermentation and turning of beans once daily during fermentation. Only 30.4% of them were knowledgeable about the storage room ventilation conditions while about 35.7% had knowledge of thickness of layers of drying materials. The prominent information sources among Coffee farmers in the study area were: Coffee Farmers’ Association (88.5%), and Fellow farmers (94.7%) while information from ADP extension agents (26.9%) and electronic media such as radio (19.8%), and Television (12.8%) were among the least indicated. Inadequate availability and acquisition of adequate land (87.7%), inadequate financial supports (88.5%), old age of Coffee farms (69.2%), inadequate extension visits (97.4%), inadequate training and capacity building (70.9%), inadequate storage facilities (64.8%) and poor dissemination of information (78.9%) were the major constraints to the adoption of ESP among farmers. Therefore, update on coffee development such as technologies, training and sensitization on new coffee development should be disseminated to farmers through adequate source and there should be assistance in the areas of coffee farmers’ constraints.


Keywords: Determinants, adoption, awareness, coffee, farmer, export standard practices.