In recent years, there has been a building tension and conflict between Herdsmen and rural farmers in Benue State. The crisis between the two social and economic groups reached a peak under the era of President Mohammadu Buhari who also was one of the patrons of Myetti Allah, a social cultural organization of the Fulani Cattle Society who also in public space media statements vowed to wage a war in Benue State to guarantee their access to grazing routes and reserves. The attending consequences of the conflict has been the displacement of human population as well as disruptions of the economic life of the people of Benue State. This paper examines the Herdsmen crisis as it impacts on the social security of Benue State as from the 1990s to 2020. The methodology the paper adopts is the use of both primary and secondary sources. The paper posits that the way forward is for both State and Federal Government to defend and protect the rights of the two social groups through the provision of basic economic infrastructure that can support both grazing and farming.
Keywords: Herdsmen, Crisis, Social Security, Benue State