International Journal of Arts and Humanities

ISSN 2360-7998

Ceramic Vessel Filter for Water Treatment in Nigeria's Rural, Underdeveloped Communities

Abstract: Access to clean and safe drinking water remains a significant challenge in Nigeria's rural, underdeveloped communities, contributing to waterborne diseases and poor health outcomes. In order to address this issue, this study proposes the use of ceramic vessel filters (CVFs) as a cost-effective and sustainable solution for household water treatment. This research explored the effectiveness of CVFs focused on the specific needs and constraints of rural communities in Nigeria. The CVFs use locally available materials, such as clay and sawdust, as well as traditional ceramic craftsmanship, making them culturally acceptable and easily replicable. The study evaluated the filtration efficiency of CVFs in removing common water contaminants such as bacteria and protozoa by identifying testing and field trials conducted in similar rural settings. Additionally, the study assesses factors that influence adoption and long-term sustainability, such as user acceptance, maintenance requirements, and community engagement. The findings highlighted the efficacy of CVFs in improving water quality and reducing the incidence of waterborne diseases in rural Nigerian communities. Furthermore, the study underscored the importance of integrating community participation and capacity-building initiatives to ensure the successful implementation and widespread adoption of CVFs as a viable water treatment solution. Overall, this research contributes to addressing the pressing need for sustainable and locally appropriate water treatment technologies in Nigeria's rural, underdeveloped communities, with implications for similar contexts globally.


Keywords: Ceramic Vessel Filter, Water Treatment, Nigeria, Underdeveloped Communities