Accepted 1st June, 2016
The main objectives of this paper were to highlight the relevant literature on the processes and nutritional challenges of pig farming in the Limpopo Province, South Africa. The goal was to investigate and highlight the edible mushroom specie- Lentinulas edodes- as cheaper, richer and more readily available alternative feed additives that can be used by emerging small scale pig farmers of the Limpopo Province for pig nutrition. The review revealed that the biggest challenge to pig farming in the Limpopo Province is animal malnutrition, which is as a result of poor financing and this makes it impossible for farmers to afford the standard feeds required for the proper nourishment of their livestock. It was also observed that the Lentinulas edodes, which is readily available, contains medicinal properties such as immunomodulatory and antioxidants which can help to improve the health of the pigs. Since most of the Limpopo Province small scale pig farmers are unable to afford vaccines and medicines, the Lentinulas edodes was recommended as the best alternative to improve their piggery nutritional and health management practices.
Keywords: Small scale pig farmers, Limpopo province, Lentinulas edodes, Malnutrition, Pigs, Poverty and Pharmacology.