International Journal of Bacteriology, Virology and Immunology

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Blood Glucose and Gamma Glutamyl Transferase Levels Among 400 Level Medical Laboratory Science Students of Abis State University Uturu

Ikpeazu V.O, Offiah, S.A.U, Chikezie J, Chigbu L.N, Smart-Ukonu C.U. Ekenjoku, A.J, and Igboh N.M.


Corresponding author:     Ikpeazu VO . :Received: 25/7/2022 | Accepted: 27/7/.2022 | Published:28/7/2022  

Abstract: Glucose is the final absorptive sugar of the body which gets oxidized to general energy for the body. However, continuous increase in blood glucose levels just as in Diabetes Mellitus poses serious health challenge worldwide and this challenge becomes more cumbersome when evident amongst a dependent population like students. Therefore, this study is aimed at investigating the blood glucose levels and the gamma glutamyl transferase level in 400 level Medical Laboratory Science Students of Abia State University, Uturu. Hundred subjects comprising of fifty test subjects (students) and fifty controls (non-students) were selectively chosen for this study. Plasma glucose levels and gamma glutamyl transferase levels were measured using semi-auto analyzer. Data obtained were analyzed using Statistical Package for Social Sciences (SPSS version 25) and one-way analysis of variance (ANOVA), student t test and expressed as Mean standard deviation. Significant level for the analysis was set at P-value equal to or less than 0.05 (P-0.05) which was considered as being statistically significant. The percentage incidence of elevated random glucose in 400 level medical laboratory science students was significantly increased when compared with controls. There was no significant difference (P>0.05) in the gender and age difference among 400 level medical laboratory science students. This study has shown that random plasma glucose and gamma glutamyl transferase was significantly higher in 400 level medical laboratory science students compared to the controls. This suggests that 400 level medical laboratory science students may be predispose to having hyperglycaemia if they continue with their life style. Random blood glucose and gamma glutamyl transferase analysis should be a routine Laboratory test for students to enable early detection and identification of students at risk of developing diabetes Mellitus 

Keywords:  Blood Glucose, Gamma Glutamyl Transferase Level