Global Research Journal of Geography

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Sustainability of the Nigerian Environment: Interrogating the Drivers of Environmental Degradation

1Odock, C. N., 1Okpiliya, F. I., 1OKA, P. O, 1Ajom, S. K. and 2okwakpam, Ikechi O.




Accepted 29th October, 2016.


Environmental degradation is one of the largest threats that are being looked at in the world today. It occurs when the earth’s natural resources are depleted and the environment is compromised in the form of extinction of species, pollution in air, water and soil and rapid growth in population. This paper critically examined the theoretical framework for conceiving of environmental degradation, which is represented in the IPAT equation, meaning environmental impact of degradation is a function of population, human activity and technology. This paper further identified the drivers of environmental degradation, which has to do with globalization and climate change as well as high quality of exhaust gases, deforestation, pollution, unplanned agricultural policies and population explosion respectively. In what seen to be less popular in nature in causing environmental degradation, this paper was able to point out the fact that corruption is very fundamental in the deterioration of the environmental quality generally.


Keywords: Environment, Degradation, Sustainability, Drivers, Interrogate