Many aromatic and medicinal plants are available in Ethiopia from which the essential oil can be extracted and used for medicinal purpose. In this research project Eucalyptus leaves are extracted for essential oil by steam distillation process using soxhlet apparatus. The extracted oil has antimicrobial, antibacterial and anti fungal properties. The extracted oil is applied on cotton fabrics by pad-dry-cure method using padding mangle and value adding to the ordinary cotton fabric as Medical fabric. Extracted oil from these leaves shows 81.1% with acetic acid and 79.9% with citric acid resistance to antibacterial growth. The market value and demand of such medical fabrics are high.
Keywords: Bacterial; Composition; Essential oil; Growth rate; Microbes