Accepted 4th March, 2020.


Since incorporation under the new administration, the social and political was well cultural of the city was deteriorated. Hence, majority of the Oromo were engaged in agriculture and Harari was engaged in trades. Abort the Amir administration and accommodate the northern administration system in the city. Since incorporation, there is peaceful coexistence between the two ethnic groups in the city of Harar.  The Article seeks to investigate in the multi ethnic place how such peaceful coexistence remains between the ethnic groups in the city substantially. In the Ethiopian history, undercurrent off and Antagonism were the main obstacles for the plural society. Hence, the situations were also occurred in Harar. To accomplish this idea, the researcher utilized qualitative research method. Both Primary and secondary data sources were used. Primary data collected from informants which is the most important for the objective was gathered through interview. Document analysis, group discussion and observation were part of this part. Then, data was analysis to find real socio historical interaction. This objective helps to avoid a common contention and instance for the others. Able to each other in contention and live together and develop a common term which is popular today on the society “Harar-ye-fikir ketema  i.e Harar the city of love. Within other ethnic groups, the Harari and Oromo were shared the ownership of the city until 1991. The art of tolerance may lead the city be for a long necessarily peace. 


Keywords: Harar, ethnic group, socio-historical interaction, Oromo, Harari