Accepted June 22nd , 2019.
The study aims to assess biodiversity conservation in the Sacred Himalayan Landscape particularly focusing to Rasuwa district. The participatory approach and methods was used during the study. The large majority of the respondents have found happy (98.63 %) with the programs due to improvement of sustainable livelihoods of the poor people, conservation of species and ecosystem conservation, sustainable forest management, Climate Change Adaptation activities, alternative energy and conservation education and capacity building of women, men, youths, indigenous nationalities and conflict affected people. However, there has been a still 20 per cent ultra poor and marginalized group of people excluded from the benefit sharing of mainstream development process. In the project areas, around 55 per cent participation of women has found in the program and decision-making process at households, community and municipal level. The conservation work together with local communities is facilitated, wildlife crime control unit was established, and capacity building of government staff and local communities has been enhanced. There has been budget gap and limited activities, poor coordination, duplication of program have been noted. There has been focused on local institution development towards sustainability of programs. There is a need of capacity development of local institutions.
Keywords: Biodiversity conservation, Sacred Himalayan Landscape, ecosystem, sustainable livelihoods, Climate Change Adaptation