Abstract

 

Accepted November 2nd 2021.

 

The most relevant natural resources to the people are water, land, food, plants, animals, and soils. Natural resources may involve managerial activities such as controlling, preserving, and/or evaluating a natural resource or natural resources function, such as conservation, forest, rangeland, fisheries, and wildlife. Natural resources conservation and management professionals belong to engineering and allied background and have limited access and interactions with biologists. Modern natural resources management work requires knowledge and skill sufficient to interpret and apply biological science and research. Integrated natural resource management is a process of managing natural resources in a systematic way, which indulges multiple aspects of natural resource use (biophysical, socio-political, and economic) meet  goals regarding production of producers and other direct users (e.g., food security, profitability, risk aversion) as well as goals of the wider community (e.g., poverty alleviation, welfare of future generations, environmental conservation). Poverty plays a highly important role in degrading the natural resources base and without poverty alleviation, it is hard to think of sustainable natural resources management in the world as well as in India. While poverty alleviation and sustainable NRM are generally compatible, difficult trade-offs may occur at several times. Nevertheless, the fact remains that without poverty alleviation, the environment in developing countries will continue to degrade, and without better NRM, poverty alleviation will be undermined. Microbiology and Biotechnology have some very promising advanced solutions for many NRM related conservation and management works which are almost impossible through the engineering methods. This review is specifically an effort to educate the NRM professionals for adoption and better synergy between both the disciplines for easing out some of the most gruesome problems relating NRM through biotechnological processes and pathways.

 

Keywords: Biodiversity, Biotechnology, Conservation, Ecology, Environment, Management, Microbiology, Natural Resources