International Journal of Arts and Humanities

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Depleting Sustainability: A Detailed Study on Ground Water Situation in Kerala


Maneesh P, and Dr. C. Muniyandi



Abstract

 

Accepted 25th January, 2017

 

Water contamination is the main problem that the world faces today. Among all states in India, kerala is not an exception, as it grapples with the problem of water shortage and pollution in many of its regions. Kerala is considered as a water surplus state, which is blessed with 44 rivers, back waters, lot of lakes and ponds. But at the same time it has become the routine in the state that women and children queuing with multi colored buckets and pots in front of water taps and water supply tankers. Rapid urbanization, population growth and development initiatives in the state necessitate enormous water.  Ground water meets the 60 percent of total demand for drinking water in kerala. Ground water contamination is the main problem in kerala. The ground water level receding drastically during the summer months and drying up of wells are common features of many parts of kerala. This paper made an attempt to analyses the groundwater scenario of kerala. The study is based on secondary data collected from Economic Review of Kerala and the website of Ground Water Department & Central Ground Water Board and District Water and Sanitation Mission. People in kerala are depending upon ground water for meeting their domestic, irrigation and industrial needs.  An integrated institutional system for groundwater conservation and recharging measures need to be promoted to conserve the ground water

 

Keywords: Ground water, contamination, water per capita, sustainability, conservation