Practices and Problems in the Technological Interventions in Distance Learning in Colleges/Universities of Addis Ababa, Ethiopia
Manisha Pande and Hibret Asegid
The principal aim in undertaking this research was to assess the current practices and problems in technological interventions in distance learning in Distance Education colleges and universities of Addis Ababa and
forward possible suggestions for the improvement and better use of technologies to the universities/colleges. A descriptive survey method was employed for the study. The sample colleges/universities comprised of Unity University, Alpha University College, Saint Mary’s University College and Ethiopian Civil Service College from Addis Ababa. A total of 77 academic staff and 123 students participated in the study. Major statistical tools applied in the study were the mean values, t-test, percentages, the chi-square, correlation and one way ANOVA. Findings depicted that the colleges/universities were only in the first generation of technology backed by only a little support from the second generation. Only a few factors were found to be considered when selecting technologies. It was also revealed that the technologies were integrated only with the objectives and content of the instructional design. It was found that learner support system (which was not supported by technologies) was in existence. The Institutions felt that the Government did not take significant initiative in supporting the Distance Learning (DL) institutions in their efforts. While the attitude of learners towards technology in general and in relation to DL in particular was negative that of the academic staff was positive.
Keywords Technological interventions, distance learning, generations of technology, factors in selection of technology, learner support system, instructional design and elements.